Annual Update 2019 VNG International

In September 2018 the Pathein delegation visited the Netherlands. The Region DAO Director (Maung Naing Lin Acting Director Region Development Affairs Organization Irrawaddy Region) said: ‘One of the lessons learned is the success formula from some Dutch municipalities, where the local government takes up the big projects and enables citizens to come up with small projects.’

U Kyaw Myint, minister of development affairs of the Ayeyarwady region, in which Pathein is situated, points out that his coastal city in the south of Myanmar suffers from climate change. Every year the city is hit by floods. Storms cause many casualties and destroy houses and crops. The Myanmar representative believes the government has to initiate the action. ‘But I believe that people will join then. It takes time, but people will come.’

Another member of the audience asks about the main obstacles for inclusive green growth. The mayor of Pereira (Colombia), Juan Pablo Gallo answers that most people expect changes to come from the government, for example regarding waste. ‘But we can’t provide effective solutions when the people themselves do not contribute, for example by separating their waste. Transformation is only possible when the people are involved.’



Also see:


Roadmap DEALS roadmap to making a multi-stakeholder deal for inclusive and sustainable development for fast-growing cities. The new roadmap is supposed to contribute to achieving collective impact. This is a draft working document to making a multi-stakeholder deal for inclusive and sustainable development for fast-growing cities. Throughout the Governance of Inclusive Green Growth in Cities programme (DEALS) we will experiment and learn  what works and why.


Video: City Deals to deal with Cities


Video integral approach DEALS


Study visit Netherlands learning meetings: report (September 2018)



Developing Sustainable and

Resilient Cities and Communities

by strengthening local government

Featured Project

Various countries, DEALS, Governance of Inclusive Green Growth in Cities



Disaster in Beira

On 14 March 2019, the city of Beira in Mozambique was severely hit by hurricane IDAI. Large parts of the city were flooded, inhabitants were killed, and a lot of material damage was done to homes and public buildings. The municipality plays a central role in the emergency aid and in recovery. Our work in the framework of the DEALS program for Beira will be revised.


DEALS in 2018

Core activities of the DEALS program in 2018 consisted, among others, of a study visit by four of the DEALS cities to the Netherlands, the recruitment of local long-term experts, and the selection of pilot areas, the building of trust between all stakeholders, and the further development of the themes chosen for each of the participating cities.


So far the most relevant results can be summarised as follows:

  • Beira: Indexing and digitalizing progress of cadastre, from 0 to 26,841 documents (Do you want to know more about DEALS Beira? Take a look at the fact sheet.)
  • Kumasi: interdepartmental cooperation anchored in project team and commitments of stakeholders to contribute to decongestion initiatives (Do you want to know more about DEALS Kumasi? Take a look at the fact sheet.)
  • Manila: more LGU staff and politicians aware of Master Plan and intergovernmental convergences tailor made mapped (Do you want to know more about DEALS Manila? Take a look at the fact sheet.)
  • Pathein: environment created for interdepartmental, intergovernmental and multi-stakeholder cooperation which are unique in context. (Do you want to know more about DEALS Pathein? Take a look at the fact sheet.) 
  • Pereira: agreement amongst stakeholders with launch of lab on circular economy and inclusion of informal waste recyclers (Do you want to know more about DEALS Pereira? Take a look at the fact sheet.)
  • Sèmè-Podji: unique multi-departmental focal team in place, relevant by-laws adopted and new cooperation agreement with private sector (Do you want to know more about DEALS Sèmè-Podji? Take a look at the fact sheet.)


DEALS in 2019take a look at our latest project up-dates.



An increasing proportion of the world's population lives in cities. In 2030 this is expected to be sixty percent. Urban governments and governmental organisations face unprecedented challenges in terms of quality of life, employment, safety and the environment. Their vision and performance in the coming decades will be determinative for the future of cities.


Our drive is to improve the performance of the local governments in this cooperation. This is necessary because local and urban government is becoming increasingly important and complex. There is a growing need for a collaborative, responsive and flexible municipality. Our ultimate goal is to keep the cities of the future alive and sustainable. Our main focus is on the interests of people earning less than 1.25 US dollars a day.


The cities in the DEALS programme are Kumasi (Ghana), Sèmè-Podji (Benin), Pathein (Myanmar), Pereira (Colombia), Beira (Mozambique) and Manila (Philippines). For each city, a program is tailor-made based on local priorities.